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Current Affairs February 2022 Volume 4

Current Affairs February 2022 Volume 4

Question:- 1

Which country’s researchers have found out that Climate change is driving plants to flower earlier?

[A] India
[B] USA
[C] UK
[D] Australia

Right answer is:- UK

Brief:- As per a recent study by UK researchers, it has been found that Climate change is driving plants to flower earlier and earlier. The average first flowering date of UK plants is a month earlier than it was before 1986. As per the research team, Plants flowering too early could be disastrous for hibernating and migrating animals, and for crops.

Question:- 2

What is the share of the Government of India in the ‘National Land Monetisation Corporation (NLMC)’?

[A] 100 per cent
[B] 75 per cent
[C] 51 per cent
[D] 49 per cent

Right answer is:- 100 per cent

Brief:- The government has set up a National Land Monetisation Corporation (NLMC) to fast-track monetisation of land and non-core assets of public sector entities, as per the Economic Survey. NLMC is being incorporated as a 100 per cent Government of India owned entity with an initial authorised share capital of Rs 5,000 crore. CPSEs have referred 3,400 acres of land and other non-core assets for monetisation, so far.

Question:- 3

RAMP Programme, which was announced in the Union Budget, aims to improve productivity of which sector?

[A] Agriculture
[B] MSME
[C] Textile
[D] Coal

Right answer is:- MSME

Brief:- A 6,000- crore Raising and Accelerating MSME Performance (RAMP) programme for MSMEs has been announced in the Union Budget, which will be rolled out in the coming five years. The programme would improve the competitiveness and productivity of MSMEs. The World Bank in June 2021 had approved USD 500 million for the programme to support the government to support the MSMEs impacted by the Covid crisis.

Question:- 4

Union Budget announced a fund to finance start-ups for agriculture and rural enterprise, facilitated through which institution?

[A] State Bank of India
[B] NABARD
[C] NABFID
[D] REC

Right answer is:- NABARD

Brief:- The Union Budget announced a fund with blended capital, raised under co-investment model, will be facilitated through NABARD. It will be used to finance start-ups for agriculture and rural enterprise. The Government would promote the use of ‘Kisan Drones’ for crop assessment, digitisation of land records and spraying of insecticides.

Question:- 5

What is the objective of the ‘Parvat Mala’ scheme announced recently?

[A] Promotion of Adventure Sports
[B] Transportation in Hills
[C] Promotion of Pilgrimage Sites
[D] Protection of Wildlife

Right answer is:- Transportation in Hills

Brief:- The Union Budget announced a new scheme called ‘Parvat Mala’ or National Ropeways Development Programme. The scheme will be launched for regions like Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, J&K, and the northeast to facilitate a modern system of transportation and connectivity in hills.

Question:- 6

Which country inaugurated the Ijmuiden Sea Lock, the world’s largest sea lock?

[A] USA
[B] The Netherlands
[C] Australia
[D] USA

Right answer is:- The Netherlands

Brief:- Dutch King Willem-Alexander officially opened the Ijmuiden Sea Lock, which is claimed to be the largest sea lock in the world. The 500-metre long and 70-metre-wide structure replaces a smaller 100-year-old one at Ijmuiden, a port city connecting the North Sea Canal to the port of Amsterdam. The structure is deep enough that ships will not have to wait for a favourable water level to enter the canal.

Question:- 7

Scheme for enhancement of competitiveness of capital goods sector’ is associated with which Ministry?

[A] Ministry of Steel
[B] Ministry of Heavy Industries
[C] Ministry of Textiles
[D] Ministry of Commerce and Industry

Right answer is:- Ministry of Heavy Industries

Brief:- Ministry of Heavy Industries notified the second phase of the scheme for enhancement of competitiveness in the capital goods sector. The scheme was notified with a financial outlay of ₹1,207 crore. It would consist of a budgetary support from the government of 975 crore and the rest of 232 crore would come through the industry contribution.

Question:- 8

Which state launched ‘Project Sadbhawana’ to improve Governance?

[A] New Delhi
[B] Madhya Pradesh
[C] Assam
[D] Odisha

Right answer is:- Assam

Brief:- Assam Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma launched “Project Sadbhawana”. It aims to dispose over 4-5 lakh pending files lying in the State secretariat within a year. A portal will be created where people can inform of their pending files. Along with project Sadbhavana, a Swachhata Abhiyan in Janata Bhawan will also be launched to promote cleanliness in all the departments in the Secretariat.

Question:- 9

‘Lake Albert’ is located as a border between which two countries?

[A] Uganda-Democratic Republic of Congo
[B] Algeria-Libya
[C] South Africa- Tanzania
[D] Uganda- Ethiopia

Right answer is:- Uganda-Democratic Republic of Congo

Brief:- Lake Albert of Africa is located on the border between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. It is one of Africa’s Great Lakes. It is formerly known as Lake Mobutu Sese Seko. It is located in Albertine Rift, which is the western branch of East African Rift. The primary inflows of this lake are Victoria Nile and Semliki River.

Question:- 10

Which Union Ministry released the publication titled ‘Energy statistics India – 2022’?

[A] Ministry Of Statistics And Programme Implementation
[B] Ministry of Power
[C] Ministry of Coal
[D] Ministry of New and Renewable Energy

Right answer is:- Ministry Of Statistics And Programme Implementation

Brief:- Ministry Of Statistics And Programme Implementation released the 28th edition of the publication, ‘Energy statistics India – 2022’. It is a repository of statistics on energy resources and highlights India’s commitment and progress made in sustainable energy systems. The publication presents the concepts of production, consumption, trade, energy balance etc. The data is collected from Ministry of Coal, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Ministry of Power, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.

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current affairs February 2022 volume 3

current affairs February 2022 volume 3

Current Affairs February 2022 Volume  3

Question:- 1

Which type of villages are the beneficiaries of the newly announced ‘Vibrant Villages programme’?

[A] Coastal Villages
[B] Border Villages
[C] Hilly villages
[D] ODF Villages

Right answer is:- Border Villages

Brief:- The Union Budget has announced a new scheme called ‘Vibrant Villages programme’, which aims to boost the infrastructure of the villages along India’s border, especially with China. Under the programme, additional funding will be provided, existing schemes will be converged. Activities include housing, tourist centres, road connectivity, provisioning of decentralised renewable energy, DTH access for Doordarshan and educational channels, and livelihood support.

Question:- 2

The United States recently announced which country as its major non-NATO ally?

[A] UAE
[B] Qatar
[C] Israel
[D] Japan

Right answer is:- Qatar

Brief:- US President Joe Biden designated Qatar a major non-NATO ally, during a meeting with the ruling leader of Qatar at the White House. This is seen as a symbolic honour to Qatar for its assistance with evacuations from Afghanistan and in ending last year’s Israel-Hamas war in Gaza.

Question:- 3

As per the Economic Survey 2021-22, what is the estimated GDP Growth of India in 2022-23?

[A] 9.2-9.7 %
[B] 8.2-8.7 %
[C] 8.0-8.5 %
[D] 10.0 – 10.5 %

Right answer is:- 8.0-8.5 %

Brief:- The Economic Survey 2021-22 has projected the Indian economy to grow at 8.0-8.5 per cent in 2022-23. A 9.2 per cent expansion for 2021-22 has been outlined by the National Statistical Office (NSO) in its first advance estimates of GDP. This year’s growth comes on a low base year economic output and the expansion of next year would be seen from the recovery levels in economic output.

Question:- 4

As per Union Budget 2022-23, what is the new Alternate Minimum Tax (AMT) for Cooperative societies?

[A] 10 per cent
[B] 12.5 per cent
[C] 15 per cent
[D] 17.5 per cent

Right answer is:- 15 per cent

Brief:- The Union Budget has reduced the Alternate Minimum Tax (AMT) to be paid by Cooperative societies to 15 per cent. At present, cooperative societies are required to pay AMT at the rate of 18.5 per cent, while companies pay the same at 15 per cent. The Budget proposed to reduce the surcharge from the 12 per cent to 7 per cent, for cooperatives with total income of Rs 1 crore up to Rs 10 crore.

Question:- 5

As per recent Government data, what is the total number of new leprosy cases detected during 2020-21 in India?

[A] 5,147
[B] 25,147
[C] 65,147
[D] 95,147

Right answer is:- 65,147

Brief:- As per the latest data from National Leprosy Eradication Programme (NLEP), a total of 65,147 new leprosy cases were detected during the year 2020-21 in India. Leprosy, caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium leprae, affects the peripheral nervous system causing skin lesions, numbness, and other deformities. India accounts for over half of the world’s new leprosy patients. According to NLEP’s 2020-2021 report, 94.75% of patients in India were cured.

Question:- 6

Which Indian state/UT launched the ‘CLAP’ programme?

[A] New Delhi
[B] Andhra Pradesh
[C] Chhattisgarh
[D] Odisha

Right answer is:- Andhra Pradesh

Brief:- The Andhra Pradesh government started the Clean Andhra Pradesh (CLAP)-Jagananna Swachha Sankalpam programme. It aims to clean up rural areas, improve sanitation conditions and waste management with public participation. Besides door-to-door collection of garbage, the campaign aims for segregation of liquid and solid waste, onsite waste treatment, and encouraging home composting.

Question:- 7

The Lunar New Year 2022 marks the start of Year of which animal?

[A] Year of Ox
[B] Year of Tiger
[C] Year of Pig
[D] Year of Lion

Right answer is:- Year of Tiger

Brief:- The Lunar New Year was observed on February 1, 2022. It also known as the Chinese New Year or the Spring Festival in China. The celebration marks the end of the Year of the Ox and the start of the Year of the Tiger. The New Year is celebrated by nearly 2 billion people in Korea, Singapore, Mongolia, Tibet, Vietnam and in Asian communities, for more than two weeks.

Question:- 8

Which country funded the ‘Cosmo-SkyMed Second Generation’ CSG 2 satellite, launched by SpaceX?

[A] USA
[B] Italy
[C] Germany
[D] Israel

Right answer is:- Italy

Brief:- Italian Space Agency, the Italian Ministry of Defense and the Italian Ministry of Education, Universities and Scientific Research funded the Cosmo-SkyMed Second Generation FM2 (CSG-2) satellite. It was launched aboard the two-stage SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket by SpaceX from Florida station. The system consists of two satellites, which are designed to observe Earth using synthetic aperture radar (SAR).

Question:- 9

Antonio Costa, has been re-elected as the Prime Minister of which country?

[A] Italy
[B] Portugal
[C] Germany
[D] Israel

Right answer is:- Portugal

Brief:- Antonio Costa is serving as the current Prime Minister of Portugal since 2015. The 60-year old leader of Socialist Party has been re-elected for the second term in the snap general election. The vote was called in November last year after former Communist and Left Bloc allies joined the right to strike down his minority government budget.

Question:- 10

‘‘Sacred Ensembles of the Hoysala’, the nomination for World Heritage List, are located in which state?

[A] Kerala
[B] Karnataka
[C] Gujarat
[D] Rajasthan

Right answer is:- Karnataka

Brief:- The Hoysala Temples of Belur, Halebid and Somnathapura in Karnataka have been finalised as India’s nomination for World Heritage List for the year 2022-2023. This was announced by the Union Culture Ministry. The ‘Sacred Ensembles of the Hoysala’ are on UNESCO’s Tentative list since 2014.

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Current Affairs February 2022 Volume 2

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February Current Affairs Volume 2

Question:-

Sergio Mattarella has been elected as the President of which country for the second term?

[A] Brazil
[B] Italy
[C] France
[D] Ukraine

Right answer is:- Italy

Brief:- Italian President Sergio Mattarella has been elected to a second term in the recent round of elections. Mattarella was reconfirmed with a broad majority, in the voting done by lawmakers and regional representatives. The 80-year old Jurist-Academic has been serving as the country’s President since 2015.

Question:-

‘HERMES Mission’ seen in the news is associated with country?

[A] USA
[B] Russia
[C] China
[D] UAE

Right answer is:- USA

Brief:- HERMES stands for Heliophysics Environmental and Radiation Measurement Experiment Suite. It is a critical part of NASA’s Artemis mission HERMES is a four-instrument suite to be mounted outside NASA’s Moon-orbiting Gateway, and has recently passed a critical mission review. HERMES will monitor the space weather and the fluctuating conditions in space driven by the Sun.

Question:-

Which company has started India’s first project of mixing Hydrogen into Natural Gas System?

[A] ONGC
[B] GAIL
[C] NTPC
[D] Power Grid Corporation

Right answer is:- GAIL

Brief:- Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL) has commenced India’s first-of-its-kind project of mixing Hydrogen into Natural gas system at Indore, Madhya Pradesh. The hydrogen blended natural gas will be supplied to Avantika Gas Limited, one of GAIL’s Joint Venture Company with HPCL, which is operating in Indore. This is a pilot project to establish the feasibility of blending hydrogen in City Gas Distribution (CGD) network.

Question:-

The Government of India has done ‘Conversion or Switch operations’ with which institution?

[A] INTERPOL
[B] Reserve Bank of India
[C] International Court of Justice
[D] World Bank

Right answer is:- Reserve Bank of India

Brief:- The Government of India has done ‘Conversion or Switch operations’ with the Reserve Bank of India, for an amount of ₹1,19,701 crore. The transaction involved buying back securities maturing in FY 2022-23, FY 2023-24 and FY 2024-25 from the Reserve Bank and issuing fresh securities for equivalent market value. This conversion will help to reduce the redemption pressure on the Government.

Question:-

Which Union Ministry released a Draft Report on InDEA 2.0?

[A] Ministry of Electronics and Information and Technology
[B] Ministry of Science and Technology
[C] Ministry of Finance
[D] Ministry of Corporate Affairs

Right answer is:- Ministry of Electronics and Information and Technology

Brief:- Ministry of Electronics and Information and Technology (MeitY) has released a draft report on India Digital Ecosystem Architecture 2.0 or the InDEA 2.0. InDEA 2.0 proposes a model of ‘Federated Digital Identities’, which seeks to optimise the number of digital identities that a citizen needs to have. The draft report is headed by former MeitY secretary J Satyanaraya as Chairman and current secretary Ajay P Sawhney as Co-Chairman.

Question:-

‘Bloody Sunday’ is a commemorative event marked by which country?

[A] USA
[B] Ireland
[C] Germany
[D] Italy

Right answer is:- Ireland

Brief:- Northern Ireland is marking 50 years of Bloody Sunday, on which British soldiers fired upon a crowd of protesters, killing 14 people. Irish Prime Minister Micheál Martin also tweeted that the country is paying tribute to the families of the victims. The violence took place during a march organized by the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association.

Question:-

Which Indian state/UT got its first-ever good freight train connectivity post independence?

[A] Goa
[B] Manipur
[C] Ladakh
[D] Arunachal Pradesh

Right answer is:- Manipur

Brief:- Manipur got its first-ever good freight train connectivity post independence, as the first freight train arrived at the Rani Gaidinliu station of the north-eastern state. Earlier, a passenger train from Silchar in Assam reached the Bongaichungpao railway station in Manipur. This is a part of the 111 km long Jiribam-Imphal new line project, which will connect Imphal with Guwahati.

Question:-

‘Oceans Melting Greenland airborne mission’ is associated with which country?

[A] Russia
[B] Israel
[C] USA
[D] China

Right answer is:- USA

Brief:- NASA’s ‘Oceans Melting Greenland airborne mission’ has found that Greenland’s glaciers that empty into the ocean, such as Apusiaajik Glacier, are at greater risk of rapid ice loss. It revealed that ice loss from Greenland’s ice sheet contributes more to the global rise of the oceans than any other single source. If all of Greenland’s ice sheet were to melt, global sea levels would rise by about 24 feet (7.4 meters).

Question:-

Which is the nodal agency of the new scheme ‘PM-DevINE’?

[A] NABARD
[B] North-Eastern Council
[C] NITI Aayog
[D] IRDAI

Right answer is:- North-Eastern Council

Brief:- A new scheme, Prime Minister’s Development Initiative for North-East, PM-DevINE was announced by the Union Minister for Finance Nirmala Sitharaman while presenting the Union Budget 2022-23. PM-DevINE will be implemented through the North-Eastern Council. An initial allocation of Rs. 1,500 crore will be made for the new scheme. It will fund infrastructure and social development projects based on needs of the North-East.

Question:-

UNCITRAL, seen in the news, is a UN Agency associated with which field?

[A] Children Welfare
[B] Climate Change
[C] Insolvency
[D] Heritage

Right answer is:- Insolvency

Brief:- United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) Model Law on Cross border Insolvency (1997) is the most widely accepted legal framework on cross-border insolvency. The Economic Survey suggested the adoption of UNCITRAL Law with certain modifications. It has been adopted by 49 countries such as Singapore, UK, US, South Africa and Korea. Insolvency Law Committee had recommended the adoption of UNCITRAL.


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Current Affairs February 2022 Volume 1

Current Affairs February 2022 MCQs Format

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Question:-

Which State/UT has approved Ex-Gratia relief of Rs 20,000 per acre to farmers?

[A] West Bengal
[B] Delhi
[C] Punjab
[D] Uttar Pradesh

Right answer is:- Delhi

Brief:- The Delhi cabinet approved ex-Gratia relief of Rs 20,000 per acre to farmers whose lands were damaged by rains last year. In September-October 2021, several acres of farmland were damaged due to heavy rain and water-logging in fields. If the damage is found to be 70% or less, the compensation will be 70% of the amount. If the assessed loss is more than 70%, Rs 20,000 per acre will be paid.

Question:-

French Polynesia is an overseas collectivity of France, located in which continent?

[A] Asia
[B] Oceania
[C] South America
[D] Africa

Right answer is:- Oceania

Brief:- French Polynesia is an overseas collectivity of France, comprising more than 100 islands in the South Pacific in Oceania. Scuba divers with the UNESCO have discovered a massive reef of giant rose-shaped corals off the coast of Tahiti, the largest island in French Polynesia. The structure is in pristine condition and has remained healthy despite recent coral bleaching events.

Question:-

India adopted the ‘Digital Work Plan 2022’ along with which bloc?

[A] SAARC
[B] ASEAN
[C] G-20
[D] European Commission

Right answer is:- ASEAN

Brief:- India-ASEAN Digital Work Plan 2022 was approved in the 2nd ASEAN Digital Ministers meeting held in the virtual mode. The Work Plan focuses on tackling the use of stolen and counterfeit mobile handsets and WiFi Access network interface, for the public interest. It also includes knowledge sharing in emerging areas ICT such as Internet of Things, 5G, Advanced Satellite Communication and Cyber Forensics.

Question:-

What is the name of the Tropical Storm which made landfall on three southern African countries?

[A] Rina
[B] Ana
[C] Boss
[D] Sue

Right answer is:- Ana

Brief:- Tropical Storm Ana hit three southern African countries, leading to a death count of 70. The storm made landfall in Madagascar before entering into Mozambique and Malawi. Madagascar reported 41 dead and 18 others were killed in Mozambique and 11 in Malawi. The Emergency teams were battling to repair damaged infrastructure and help tens of thousands of victims.

Question:-

As of 2022, which country is the top Steel Producer in the world?

[A] India
[B] China
[C] USA
[D] Australia

Right answer is:- China

Brief:- According to World Steel Association, India’s crude steel production rose by 18 per cent to 118 million tonne (MT) in 2021. India is the second largest steel producing nation, as it manufactured 100.3 MT steel in 2020 and China produced 1 064.7 MT of steel in the same year. China recorded a 3 per cent decline to 1 032.8 MT in 2021.

Question:-

Which country launched the Hwasong-12 mid-range ballistic missile?

[A] China
[B] Japan
[C] North Korea
[D] South Korea

Right answer is:- North Korea

Brief:- North Korea has confirmed that it fired a Hwasong-12 mid-range ballistic missile. This is the first time it has tested a weapon of that size since 2017. Japan and South Korea detected the launch of the intermediate-range ballistic missile (IRBM), which is the seventh weapons test done by North Korea this month.

Question:-

Geological Survey of India (GSI) has approved to set up India’s first Geo-Park in which state?

[A] Maharashtra
[B] Goa
[C] Madhya Pradesh
[D] Telangana

Right answer is:- Madhya Pradesh

Brief:- The Geological Survey of India (GSI) has approved to set up India’s first Geo-Park at Lamheta village on the banks of the Narmada River in Madhya Pradesh. A Geo-Park is a unified area which aims to protect the geological heritage in a sustainable way. The site is already in the UNESCO Geo-heritage tentative list. Several dinosaur fossils had been found in the Narmada valley, in the Bhedaghat-Lameta Ghat area of Jabalpur.

Question:-

Masada Fortress, which was seen in the news, is located in which country?

[A] India
[B] Sri Lanka
[C] Israel
[D] UAE

Right answer is:- Israel

Brief:- Masada Fortress, which is located in Israel, is a symbol of Jewish Heroism. Israel’s Ambassador to India Naor Gilon shared a video that showed the Masada Fortress in Israel illuminated with lights. It commemorates the India-Israel Ties, as the two countries celebrate 30 years of diplomatic relations. Earlier both the countries unveiled a commemorative logo.

Question:-

Which Ministry is the nodal agency of the ‘Fly Ash Management and Utilisation Mission’?

[A] Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change
[B] Ministry of Coal
[C] Ministry of Power
[D] Ministry of New and Renewable Energy

Right answer is:- Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change

Brief:- The National Green Tribunal (NGT) directed the constitution of a ‘Fly Ash Management and Utilisation Mission’ in its order. The Secretary of MoEF&CC will be the nodal agency. It aims to coordinate and monitor issues relating to the handling and disposal of fly ash and related issues. It is to be jointly headed by the Secretaries of Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change, Ministry of Coal and Power and Chief Secretaries of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.

Question:-

Which newly discovered species has been named after the pandemic as ‘Humbertium covidum’?

[A] Snake
[B] Flatworm
[C] House Rat
[D] House Fly

Right answer is:- Flatworm

Brief:- Scientists have discovered an alien hammerhead flatworm species that looks like a miniature king cobra. The researchers found the creatures hunting snails in France and Italy. The flatworm has been named after the COVID-19 pandemic as Humbertium covidum’. These new hammerhead flatworms are also among two newly described species found in countries that are not part of their native range so they were very likely introduced there by humans.